Main Article Content


The purpose of this study was to analyze the direct and indirect influence of the principal's transformational leadership, work ethic, and work motivation on the performance of high school teachers in Banjarmasin City. This research was conducted with a cross-sectional method and using correlation techniques. The study population was 249 teachers, and 153 respondents were taken as the research sample using the random sampling technique. The researchers collected the data using a questionnaire, and the data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, classical assumption test, multiple linear regression analysis, and path analysis. Before the data were analyzed using inferential statistics, some prerequisite analysis were conducted. The results of this study indicated that there is a significant direct effect of principal transformational leadership, work ethic, and motivation on the performance of high school teachers in Banjarmasin, and there is a significant indirect effect of school principal transformational leadership and work ethic through motivation on the performance of high school teachers in Banjarmasin City.

Article Details

Transformational Leadership, Work Ethic, Motivation, Teacher Performance
How to Cite
Rifki, Aslamiah, & Rizalie, A. M. (2021). Transformational Leadership Relationships School, Ethos of Work and Work Motivation Towards Teacher Performance in Senior High School in Banjarmasin City. Journal of K6 Education and Management, 4(4), 476 -.


Advani, & Abbas. (2015). How Transformational leadership and work motivation influence work ethic and performance. Journal of Small Business Management, 200.
Aktaş, E., Çiçek, I., & Kıyak, M. (2011). The Effect Of Organizational Culture On Organizational Efficiency: The Moderating Role Of Organizational Environment and CEO Values. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 24, 1560–1573.
Alrowwad, A., Almajali, D. A., Masa’Deh, R., Obeidat, B., & Aqqad, N. (2019). The role of organizational commitment in enhancing organizational effectiveness. Proceedings of the 33rd International Business Information Management Association Conference, IBIMA 2019: Education Excellence and Innovation Management through Vision 2020, January 2020, 9133–9154.
Anoraga, P. (2014). Psychology of Work. PT Rineka Cipta.
Arief, M., & Rusman, R. (2019). Character education-based curriculum management at Ujung Menteng 01 Pagi Elementary School Jakarta. Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Pendidikan, 12(1), 38–54.
Aslamiah. (2015). Contribution of Principal Leadership and Organizational Culture on School Accreditation in Primary Schools in Central Banjarmasin District. Jurnal Paradigma, 9, 62.
Aslamiah. (2018). Building Quality Education through Improving Primary School Teacher Performance. Prosiding Seminar Nasional PS2DMP Unlam, 21.
Aslamiah. (2019). Teachers Organizational Commitment in Elementary School: A Study in Banjarmasın Indonesia. The Open Psychology Journal, 1.
Asniwati. (2020). Motivasi Kerja Guru Sekolah Dasar Negeri di Kota Banjarmasin. Paradigma.
Atlan, H. (2018). On a formal definition of organization. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 45(2), 295–304.
Bayih, B. E., & Singh, A. (2020). Modeling domestic tourism: motivations, satisfaction and tourist behavioral intentions. Heliyon, 6(9), e04839.
BPK, L. (2018). Regulation of the Minister for Administrative Reform and Bureaucratic Reform Number 16 of 2009 concerning Teacher Functional Position and Credit Score. Dirjen Peningkatan Mutu Pendidik Dan Tenaga Kependidikan.
Buchori, M. (2012). Cultivate an Islamic Work Ethic. Gema Insani Pers.
Bush, T., & Coleman, M. (2012). Manajemen Mutu Kepemimpinan Pendidikan. IRCiSoD.
Çekmecelioğlu, H. G., & Özbağ, G. K. (2016). Leadership and Creativity: The Impact of Transformational Leadership on Individual Creativity. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 235(October), 243–249.
Danim, S. (2014). Leadership Motivation and Group Effectiveness. Rineka Cipta.
Darwin, & Douglas, M. . (2019). The Relationship Leadership Style, Work’s Ethos and Intrinsic and Exstrinsic Motivation In Wokers In A Maltese Culture Context. International Journal of Arts & Science, 31–45.
Daujotienė, L., Kazlauskienė, A., & Bubnys, R. (2020). Teacher involvement in organisational change: From engaging risk to cooperative learning. Sustainability (Switzerland), 12(22), 1–14.
Depdiknas. (2016). Law of the Republic of Indonesia number 14 of 2005 concerning Teachers and Lecturers. Pustaka Pelajar.
Edward, D., Richard, & Ryan. (2015). Self-Determination Theory. Internation Encyclopedia of Social and Sciences.
Eliyana, A., Ma’arif, S., & Muzakki. (2019). Job satisfaction and organizational commitment effect in the transformational leadership towards employee performance. European Research on Management and Business Economics, 25(3), 144–150.
Febriani, H., Aslamiah, S., M., & Sin, I. (2019). The Contribution of Principal Transformational Leadership, Work Motivation, Through Satisfaction with OCB Teachers. Journal of K6, Education, and Management, 160.
Fitriansyah. (2019). The Effect of Principal Management Performance, Work Climate on Teacher Performance through Work Motivation at SMPN in the City of Banjarbaru. Program Magister Manajemen Pendidikan Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.
Friesen, L. R., & Williams, K. B. (2016). Attitudes and motivations regarding willingness to participate in dental clinical trials. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, 2, 85–90.
Grego-Planer, D. (2019). The relationship between organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behaviors in the public and private sectors. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(22), 1–20.
Gregory, B. T., Harris, S. G., Armenakis, A. A., & Shook, C. L. (2009). Organizational culture and effectiveness: A study of values, attitudes, and organizational outcomes. Journal of Business Research, 62(7), 673–679.
Haftkhavani, Z. G., Faghiharam, B., & Araghieh, A. (2012). Organizational Commitment and Academic Performance (Case Study: Students at Secondary Schools for Girls. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 69(Iceepsy), 1529–1538.
Hakam, & Ruhana. (2015). Leadership for 21st Century school: From Transfoemtional Leadership to Leader for Learning. Chair Professor of Leadership and Change The Hong Kong Institute of Education, 100.
Hardi, M. (2019). The Relationship between Principal Transformational Leadership, Work Ethic, and Motivation on Teaching Performance of Elementary School Teachers in East Banjarmasin District. Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.
Harris. (2019). The Influence of Culture, Discipline and Work Ethic on Teacher Performance at SMA Negeri Angsana Tanah Bumbu.
Hartiti. (2013). Dimensions of Leadership Style Bass and Avolio According to Employee Perceptions in Building an Effective Leadership Style (Study at Bank BRI Wates Branch). In Surabaya: kripsi Program Sarjana (S1) pada Program Sarjana Fakultas Ekonomi.
Hartono, B., Sulaiman, & Suhaimi. (2019). The Influence of Principal Managerial Activities, Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Culture on the Performance of Elementary School Teachers in Hampang Sub-district. Journal of K6, Education, and Management, 167.
Hasanah. (2019). The Effect of Leadership Style and Work Ethic on Performance with Work Motivation as an Intervening Variable in Vocational High School Teachers in Banjarmasin City. Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.
Hasibuan, M. (2017). Human Resource Management. Revised Edition. Bumi Aksara.
Ihsani, S., Inderawati, R., & Vianty, M. (2020). The Transformational Leadership Behaviours of School Principals of Vocational High School in Palembang. Tadbir : Jurnal Studi Manajemen Pendidikan, 4(1), 117.
Ilmi, Z., & Rizalie, A. M. (2020). School Principal Leadership Behavior – A Multi Case Study. Journal of K6.
Indira. (2019). Analysis of the Influence of Communication Competence, Work Ethic and Work Motivation on Employee Performance (Study at PT. Pos Indonesia in Semarang City). Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Diponegoro Semarang.
Ishak, & Tanjung. (2013). Motivation Management. Gramedia.
Kanesan. (2018). Principal Transformational Leadership and Teachers’ Motivation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84, 680–694.
Karabey. (2018). The relationship between transformational leadership style, work ethic and motivation to performance.Eskişehir Osmangazi. Journal of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 3(2), 42.
Karlberg-Granlund, G. (2019). Exploring the challenge of working in a small school and community: Uncovering hidden tensions. Journal of Rural Studies, 72, 293–305.
Kelimeda, H., Ridwan, M. I., & Dalle, J. (2018). The Effect Of Motivation, Job Satisfaction and Job Discipline Toward Employee Performance of PT. Buma Perindahindo at LNG Tangguh Site, Teluk Bintuni Regency, West Papua, Indonesia. European Journal of Human Resource Management Studies, 50.
Khaidar, A. (2020). The Relationship between Principal Transformational Leadership and School Climate on Teacher Performance through Work Motivation of Public Elementary School Teachers in Banjarmasin City. Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.
Kuchinke, & Asrar. (2016). The Influence of Leadership Style Work Motivation and Organizational Commitment on Worker performance. Pakistan Journal of Psycological Research. A Review, 200.
Kulikowski, K., Przytuła, S., & Sułkowski, Ł. (2021). The motivation of academics in remote teaching during the covid-19 pandemic in polish universities—opening the debate on a new equilibrium in e-learning. Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(5), 1–16.
Kurniawan. (2020). The Relationship between Work Ethic, Work Culture and Work Motivation with Teacher Performance at SDN in Astambul District. Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.
Lasmi. (2019). Realtionship of Transformational Leadership and Work Motivation Against Discipline and Performeance of Privat School Teachers’ in Banjarbaru North Ditrict. Journal of Aerosol Science, K6, 201.
Lourmpas, S., & Dakopoulou, A. (2014). Educational Leaders and Teachers’ Motivation for Engagement in Innovative Programmes. The Case of Greece. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 3359–3364.
MacIntosh, E. W., & Doherty, A. (2010). The influence of organizational culture on job satisfaction and intention to leave. Sport Management Review, 13(2), 106–117.
Mansor, Z. D., Mustaffa, M., & Salleh, L. M. (2015). Motivation and Willingness to Participate in Knowledge Sharing Activities Among Academics in a Public University. Procedia Economics and Finance, 31, 286–293.
Marlina, D., Suriansyah, A., & Metroyadi. (2019). The Effect of Transformational Leadership and Work Motivation on Teacher Performance Through Teacher Discipline. Journal of K6, Education, and Management, 342.
Martono, S. (2013). Strategi Peningkatan Kinerja Program Studi Melalui Optimalisasi Peran Pimpinan. Jurnal Dinamika Manajemen, 33, 35.
Maslow, A. (2010). Motivation and Personality.
Mulyasa. (2014). Development and Implementation of the 2013 Curriculum. PT Remaja Rosdakarya.
Nissa, K. (2018). The influence of transformational leadership and work climate on employee performance through motivation as an intervening variable at Five Star Hotels in Bali. Managerial–Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Manajemen, 2(1), 110.
Normianti, H., Aslamiah, & Suhaimi. (2019). Relationship of Transformational Leaders of Principal, Teacher Motivation, Teacher Organization Commitments with Performance of Primary School Teachers in Labuan Amas Selatan, Indonesia. European Journal of Education Studies, 126.
Notoatmodjo. (2016). Educational and Organizational Research Methodology. PT. Rineka Cipta.
Poernamawijaya, L. W., Sulaiman, Suriansyah, A., & Dalle, J. (2018). Contribution On Supervision Of Supervisor , Principals Motivation , Kindergarten Teacher Performance To Improving The Kindergarten Quality In West Banjarmasin, Indonesia. European Journal of Alternative Education Studies, 3(2), 129–146.
Pramudio. (2019). The Influence of Work Ethics, Work Motivation, and Teachers’ Perceptions of School Principal Leadership on Teacher Performance at SMKN 1 Purworejo Post Certification. Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan, XXIV, 144.
Priyatno, D. (2012). Survey Research with Quantitative Research Methods. Kencana.
Rahmah, S. (2019). The Effect of Transformational Leadership Style, Work Ethic on Teacher Performance at SMPN City Tabalong with Work Motivation as an Intervening Variable. Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.
Rasyidah. (2019). The Influence of Leadership, Work Climate and Motivation on the Performance of Public Elementary School Teachers in North Banjarmasin District. Program Magister Manajemen Pendidikan Universitas Lambung Mangkurat.
Salamun. (2015). Religion, Work Ethic and Economic Development. LP3ES.
Salimah. (2017). The Influence of Transformational Leadership, Organizational Commitment, and Teacher Work Ethics on Teacher Performance Mediated by Work Motivation (Studies on Teachers of State Vocational Schools Se Sub District 01 Semarang City ). Telaah Manajemen, i 1, 122.
Santoso, E. J. (2012). 7 Best and Noble Work Ethics. PT Alex Media Komputindo.
Setiawan, T. (2013). HR Management, Performance, Motivation, Job Satisfaction and Productivity. Platinum.
Sudrajat, A. (2015). Motivation Theories of Educational Articles. PT. Gramedia Pustaka.
Suriansyah. (2015). Management of school resources with the community in the context of community empowerment. Rajawali Press.
Suriansyah, A. (2014). School Cultural Relations, Communication, and Work Commitment to the Performance of Public Elementary School Teachers. Cakrawala Pendidikan, 360.
Suriansyah, A., & Aslamiah. (2015). Strategi Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah, Guru, Orang Tua, dan Masyarakat dalam Membentuk Karakter Siswa. Cakrawala Pendidikan, 238.
Sutarto. (2016). Organization Basics. Gadjah Mada University Press.
Suwatno, & Priansa. (2016). Human Resource Management. Alpabeta.
Syarwani, A. (2018). The Influence of Principal Managerial Skills Style, Commitment, and Work Motivation on the Performance of Teachers of State Vocational High School in Banjarmasin City. IJSDR, 3, 228.
Tasmara. (2012). Muslim Personal Work Ethic. Dana Bhakti Prima Yasa.
Thoha, M. (2014). Leadership in Management. PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.
Wahjosumidjo. (2013). Principal Leadership: An Overview of Theory and Its Problems. RajaGrafindo Persada.
Wahyudi. (2013). The Influence of The Tranformational Leadership and Work Motivation and Ethos on Teachers Performance. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 7(ue 7), 29.
Wibowo. (2019). 83 / 5000 Translation results The Relationship between Leadership, Work Ethic and Teacher Motivation on the Performance of Public Elementary School Teachers (Vol. 12, Issue 1). Kersana Kabupaten Brebes. . Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Pendidikan.
William, & Carmen. (2014). How Transformational Leadership and Work Motivation Influence Work Ethic and Performance. University of Pennsylvania, Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism.
Winardi, A. (2014). Function and Purpose of Work Ethic. Interaksara.